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How can I add additional rows to a Pandas dataframe based on the date column?

asked 2022-11-14 11:00:00 +0000

huitzilopochtli gravatar image

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answered 2021-04-09 21:00:00 +0000

devzero gravatar image

To add additional rows to a Pandas dataframe based on the date column, you can use the date_range function from Pandas. You can specify the start and end date, and the frequency of the dates. Then, you can create a new dataframe with the date range and merge it with your original dataframe using the merge function. Here's an example:

import pandas as pd

# create a sample dataframe
df = pd.DataFrame({'date': ['2022-01-01', '2022-01-02', '2022-01-04'],
                   'value': [10, 20, 30]})

# convert date column to datetime format
df['date'] = pd.to_datetime(df['date'])

# define the start and end date and the frequency
start_date = df['date'].min()
end_date = df['date'].max()
freq = 'D'

# create a new dataframe with the date range
dates = pd.date_range(start=start_date, end=end_date, freq=freq)
new_df = pd.DataFrame({'date': dates})

# merge the new dataframe with the original dataframe
merged_df = pd.merge(new_df, df, on='date', how='left')

print(merged_df)

Output:

         date  value
0  2022-01-01   10.0
1  2022-01-02   20.0
2  2022-01-03    NaN
3  2022-01-04   30.0

In this example, we first create a sample dataframe with a date column and a value column. We convert the date column to datetime format using the to_datetime function. We then define the start and end date as the minimum and maximum dates in the date column, respectively, and set the frequency as 'D' for daily. Using the date_range function, we create a new dataframe with the date range. We then merge the new dataframe with the original dataframe using the merge function, with the 'date' column as the key and a left join. The resulting merged dataframe has additional rows for the missing dates, with NaN values for the value column.

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Asked: 2022-11-14 11:00:00 +0000

Seen: 28 times

Last updated: Apr 09 '21