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How did Plato define the ideal State?

asked 2023-04-04 21:50:54 +0000

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answered 2023-04-04 21:52:12 +0000

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Plato, the ancient Greek philosopher, presented his concept of an ideal state in his book "The Republic." According to Plato, the ideal state is one in which the rulers are philosopher-kings who have a deep understanding of the nature of reality, the forms, and the good.

Plato believed that a just society could only be achieved by organizing it according to a hierarchical system in which the rulers are the most virtuous and knowledgeable, and their rule is based on reason and wisdom, rather than on wealth or power.

The ideal state, according to Plato, should be divided into three classes: the ruling class, the auxiliaries, and the commoners. The ruling class consists of philosopher-kings who are trained in philosophy and are responsible for governing the state. The auxiliaries are trained to defend the state, while the commoners are responsible for the production and distribution of goods.

Plato also believed that the family structure should be abolished in the ideal state, and that women should be allowed to participate in political life on an equal basis with men. He also advocated for the communal ownership of property and the abolition of private property.

Overall, Plato's ideal state was one in which reason, wisdom, and virtue were the guiding principles of government, and where individuals were organized according to their natural abilities and functions, rather than their social status or wealth.

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Asked: 2023-04-04 21:50:54 +0000

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Last updated: Apr 04 '23